Impunity and Grave Human Rights Violations

Judging the Largest Massacre in El Salvador's History: Interview with former judge Jorge Guzmán Urquilla

A little over 40 years ago, the village of El Mozote and its surroundings was the scene of an unprecedented massacre. It was December 1981 when, in that community in northeastern El Salvador, almost 1,000 people were executed by the military in the worst massacre of civilians that the country experienced during the armed conflict (1980-1992). More than half the victims were children.


Non-State Actors as Perpetrators: Precedents from Inter-American jurisprudence and their applicability to disappearance cases

Enforced disappearance of persons is a serious human rights violation that, according to international instruments, can be perpetrated by State agents or by non-State actors acting with the authorization, support or acquiescence of the State. 


Transitional Justice and Indigenous Peoples in Latin America: Lessons learned from case studies of Guatemala, Peru, and Colombia

Transitional justice mechanisms have not always properly recorded the relevant experiences of indigenous peoples, such as their strategies for coping with violence and oppression. Consequently, most of the mechanisms implemented have not adequately linked past violations with continuing marginalization in the present.

To be a Woman and Dissapear: Gender-related Standards of the Inter-American Court of Human Rights in Cases of Enforced Disappearance

The Inter-American Court of Human Rights (IACHR) has heard, since its first judgments, cases in which some or some of the victims of enforced disappearance have been women. Although these decisions in which a gender-differentiated approach has been applied are still rare, the standards produced are undoubtedly a relevant input to guide the activities of States in the face of disappearances. 


Roles and Responsibilities of the Private Sector in Transitional Justice Processes in Latin America - The cases of Colombia, Guatemala, and Argentina

During the second half of the 20th century, several Latin American societies underwent periods of widespread brutal repression and/or internal armed conflict that left in their wake a legacy of massive human rights violations and significant weakening of democratic institutions.


A Necessary Reform for the Complete Reparation of Victims of the Armed Conflict in El Salvador

Experts estimate that El Salvador’s 12-year armed conflict resulted in around 75,000 deaths, at least 5,000 disappearances, more than 100 displaced people and the entire El Salvadorian population due to the prolonged, overarching impact of the conflict. Most of these crimes remain unpunished to date.



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